Who gains if U.S. universities start losing out
Since World War II, the U.S. university system has been the envy of the world. More than that, it has to some extent been the world's university system, drawing the best scholars from all over the planet to do their research and teaching where academic standards are highest and resources greatest. America's higher-education dominance has continued even as other sectors of the U.S. economy have lost ground to foreign competition, and it has fueled the rise of new industries in which the U.S. has become a world leader.
By most measures, this dominance continues. According to Shanghai Ranking Consultancy's 2016 Academic Ranking of World Universities, which focuses on research output, 15 of the world's top 20 universities, and 50 of the top 100, are in the U.S.